28 Jan 2023
African Think Tank

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Libya crisis: Mass graves, rape, and violations make life hell for migrants
2022-04-04 20:09:54
Libya crisis: Mass graves, rape, and violations make life hell for migrants
Now the United Nations is investigating a published report that also documented incidents of rape, murder, and torture. There are investigations into mass graves in the desert city of Bani Walid. Three people were buried in this cemetery, and there are graves containing the bodies of migrants in a smuggling center in Libya. Many East African women have also testified that they were raped and sexually assaulted and that they set fire to the women's breasts and burn them.

The struggle of African migrants in Libya is due to their being forced into prostitution by militias and smugglers. Libya is also a major transit point for Africans seeking to make a perilous journey to Europe across the Mediterranean. Now the United Nations is investigating a published report that also documented incidents of rape, murder, and torture. There are investigations into mass graves in the desert city of Bani Walid. Three people were buried in this cemetery, and there are graves containing the bodies of migrants in a smuggling center in Libya. Many East African women have also testified that they were raped and sexually assaulted and that they set fire to the women's breasts and burn them.

There are concerns about secret prisons allegedly run by rival armed militias that began after the 2011 revolution. The report of Chaloka Bayani, a member of the fact-finding mission, came after he said that the situation for migrants in Libya was "very, very appalling", and called for technical support to be provided to Libya to help it hold the perpetrators to account.

The city of Bani Walid, (150 km east of Tripoli), is also a point in the journey of migrants coming from the south to reach the Libyan coast. The city’s name is from the testimonies about the conditions of migrants in Libya, especially in terms of the horrific violations documented by international media and international NGOs, such as torture, rape, and enslavement. Women also disappear from prison from seven in the evening and are raped every night
 
In attempts to withdraw foreign mercenaries, parliamentary and presidential elections began in December 2022. However, the Supreme National Elections Committee said presidential nominations would begin in November with the distribution of voting cards to stop mercenaries brought in by Russia, the United Arab Emirates, and others to support General Haftar's Libyan National Army (LNA) and mercenaries brought in by Turkey to support the GNA in Tripoli.

But the situation seems to be getting worse every day for Africans seeking asylum in Europe via the Mediterranean, while sub-Saharan Africans are permanently at risk, brutally detained in centers run by militias and the Government of National Accord's Anti-Illegal Migration Department.  Italy also signed a Memorandum of Understanding in 2017 with the Government of National Accord in Tripoli and the conditions in detention centers were already known; It can be compared to the German camps during World War II.
 
While Africans are forced to take more dangerous roads in the Mediterranean, the borders were closed in 2021, which led to the killing of more than 1,500 people, and more than 32,000 people were exposed and returned to Libya, where the situation is deteriorating further.  According to statistics by Frontex, the European Union's Border and Coast Guard Agency, there are more than 65,000 "illegal" border crossings as of 2021 - 89% more than in 2020 and 380 percent compared to 2019.

It also recorded the highest number of deaths along irregular migration routes since 2017, with 3,029 confirmed deaths. It also recorded more than 67,000 immigrants who immigrated to Italy in 2021, a significant increase from 34,154 immigrants in 2020 but much less in 2016 of 181,436 immigrants since this year was more chaotic. Compared to the number of arrivals to Lampedusa of 35,000 people in 2021, all this led to an increase in the number of deaths on the Atlantic route and the western and central Mediterranean, statistics from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) found that 1,552 people died and 1,100 people were rescued by civilian rescuers in the central Mediterranean. Attempts to control the coasts continue and Africans are saved from religious violence.
By Miral Sabry Al Ashry
Vice Dean for Community Service and Environmental Development Future University (FUE), Political Mass Media Department. Journalist at: www.eurasiareview.com
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